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Hinduism

  • By: Jill Allison
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Hinduism is the third-largest religion in the world, with estimates of anywhere from 800 million to well over 1 billion adherents worldwide. It is widely practiced in India, where 80 percent of the population, now well over 1 billion people, claim Hinduism as their religion. It is also practiced in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Bali, and Guyana, and has followed the migration of Indian emigrants around the world. It is estimated that Hindus now represent 1 percent of the population of Britain. The practices of religious faith are often interconnected with reproduction, family, marriage and death. Women who practice Hinduism must make their choices about becoming mothers within a complex web of religious values and family politics. Once they are mothers, their social status and ...

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