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Guyana

  • By: Nicole T. Branch
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Very little is known about family structures, maternal roles, and socioeconomic differences of families in the English-speaking Caribbean. These topics are especially relevant for the country of Guyana, which has one of the poorest economies in the Caribbean.

Situated between Suriname, Brazil, and Venezuela, Guyana has a population of 767,000 people and is roughly the size of Kansas. The population is comprised largely of East Indians, blacks, and a small group of Amerindians. The official language is English; however, four dialects, including Creole and Caribbean Hindustani, are also spoken.

Although rich in natural resources, Guyana is plagued with extreme poverty. Roughly 36 percent of Guyanese live below the national poverty line. Inequality, ethnic disparities, high child and maternal mortality rates, and disproportionate access to health care ...

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