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Globalization and Mothering

  • By: Jocelyn Fenton Stitt
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Globalization refers broadly to three main forms of worldwide integration: economic, political, and cultural. While globalization's definition as well as its impact is much debated, the term is commonly used to refer to the rise of interdependent national economies that created a global flow of capital, people, goods, and services during the second half of the 20th century. Globalization has undoubtedly created new economic opportunities for women. Since the 1960s, the number of women working for pay in the formal and informal sectors has risen markedly in every region. Women themselves have been beneficiaries of globalization. As wage earners, women are able to choose to delay or refuse marriage, participate in household decisions, and care for themselves and their children. An additional and unexpected benefit ...

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