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Fertility

  • By: Elif Ekin Aksit
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Fertility has acquired radically different meanings throughout history. Currently, fertility is used as a key word for both male and female contribution to reproduction. Women's fertility peaks between the ages of 19 to 24, and miscarriages and risks increase after 30. In men, erectile dysfunction with age, while increases while semen volume, sperm motility, and sperm morphology also decrease. However, fertility declines more slowly in men than in women. Women's fertility also changes within the menstrual cycle: It is actualized with ovulation, which usually occurs in the middle of the cycle.

Fertility and Fecundity

Demographers attribute grave importance to the difference between fertility and fecundity. In this distinction, fertility is the actual number of children born in a population, and fecundity is the potential for reproduction. Fertility ...

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