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Family Planning

  • By: Elisabetta Pernigotti
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

The idea of motherhood planning represents a major aspect of the social construction of pregnancy and motherhood in today's world. It expresses the concretization of women's right to their own bodies: by allowing for women's sexuality and sexual pleasure not to remain solely connected to reproduction. As such, it has been a claim of all feminist movements as a basis for real emancipation. Access to contraception and abortion are both part of family planning, its third dimension being the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.

Ancient Beginnings

Techniques of birth control, abortion, and contraception were not discovered by modern medicine. Since the ancient times, all societies have developed extended knowledge of, as well as social rules pertaining to, reproduction and its management. Instructions to prepare contraceptives have ...

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