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Albania

  • By: Justin Corfield
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Albania is a country in the Balkans in southeast Europe, and has a population of 3.17 million (2008). Many Albanians live overseas, in neighboring countries, Italy, the United States, and Australia. Albania has a birth rate of 15.1 per 1,000, and an infant mortality rate of 20.7 per 1,000 live births. The crude divorce rate in the country is 0.95 divorces per 1,000 marriages. Traditionally, the population in Albania since the 16th century has been largely Muslim, and the population today is officially regarded as 70 percent Muslim, with 20 percent Albanian Orthodox, and 10 percent Roman Catholic—the most famous Albanian being the Nobel laureate Mother Teresa from an Albanian family from nearby Skopje, in modern-day Macedonia.

Historically, the major role of women in Albanian society ...

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