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El Salvador

  • By: Mirna E. Carranza
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

El Salvador, the smallest country in Central America, is on the Pacific coast, with the Gulf of Fonseca to its southeast. El Salvador borders Guatemala and Honduras, and its geographic limits have not been officially established. With an area of approximately 32,000 square miles and a population of about 7 million, El Salvador is the most densely populated nation in Central America. The Spanish legacy of colonialism includes Catholicism and a patriarchal system, and were significant forces in shaping the gender inequalities in El Salvador. Women continue to be disadvantaged relative to men with respect to employment and leadership roles.

The mother-child relationship is central to family functioning and the actualization of respeto (respect), the high regard granted to a person because of age or position. ...

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