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Connecticut

  • By: Miranda E. Jennings & Maureen E. Wilson
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Connecticut, the Constitution State, joined the United States on January 9, 1788, and was the fifth state in the union. From the beginning, Connecticut enjoyed a vast measure of political independence, proclaiming in its Fundamental Orders of 1639 a democratic principle of government based on the will of the people.

The fertility rate of white women rapidly declined during the 19th century, partly as the result of using birth control and abortion to control family size. A woman's opportunity to have an abortion was illegal in the states during the latter part of the 19th century. Abortions, which increased markedly in the 1850s and 1860s, especially among middle-class white women, had been legal until the fetus quickened, or moved inside the uterus. Women who had abortions ...

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