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Child Poverty

  • By: Patrizia Albanese
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Although the United States and Canada are the most advanced industrialized countries in the world, they have some the highest child poverty rates in the industrialized world. Some children are poor because their parents are working, yet poor. Other poor children live with single mothers or recent immigrants. Children living in poverty experience increased strain on their physical, emotional, psychological, and social well-being. That said, there are some industrialized nations that have reduced child poverty rates through a number of programs and policies.

Gap between Rich and Poor

By many accounts, the poor in weathlier countries like Canada and the United States are getting poorer, and the gap between the lowest- and highest-income families has widened. Average incomes for the poorest in Canada, for example, have increased ...

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