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In the daily medical context, stigma is ubiquitous. On the one hand, health professionals are susceptible to having inappropriate attitudes or expectations concerning patients and their families. On the other hand, stigmatized individuals are susceptible to receiving inadequate treatment or experience disadvantages by the behavior of health institutions. The question arises whether the concept of “being ill” itself is already stigmatized. This entry begins by providing a short definition of stigma followed by a description of the stigmatization process. Thereafter, various examples are given, applying the concept of stigma to decisions made in the medical context. Finally, some suggestions are made to give the reader an idea of how to avoid decisions driven by a stigmatized approach.

The Concept of Stigma

Since the concept of stigma is ...

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