Mortality data are generally collected by vital statistics agencies. There is a long tradition of using mortality data to evaluate the burden of diseases on a population basis. From these data, it is possible to build key mortality indicators that may help to detect important public health problems and inequalities in health among regions, countries, or subgroups of populations.

It is also possible to represent mortality data using maps showing the geographical patterns of mortality that might be useful for epidemiologists and public health researchers to formulate etiologic hypotheses or for public health policy makers to make decisions concerning allocation of health funds.

Simple Mortality Indicators

The simplest mortality indicator is the crude or total mortality rate (CMR), which is defined as the number of deaths per ...

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