The aging of the population makes the preservation of functional ability and cognitive function and the prevention of premature cardiovascular (CV) mortality even more pertinent. A growing body of literature suggests that regular aerobic exercise among older individuals of all ages, frail or not, may attenuate the consequences of age-related changes to the CV and cerebrovascular system. For physicians, the promotion of physical activity may serve as a highly effective means of promoting successful aging among older patients.

Age-Associated Changes to the Cardiovascular System

The aging CV system undergoes changes that decrease physical performance, cognitive function, quality of life, and independence, as well as increasing the risk of CV and all-cause mortality. Peak oxygen consumption (Vo2) decreases 10% per decade, with an even greater rate of decline ...

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