About 10% of the world population, or 650 million people, have at least 1 disability. Limited information indicates that the world's largest minority group is less physically active than those without disabilities, causing an increased risk for health problems that will compound the negative effects of an existing condition. This entry reviews the evolution of physical activity, current levels of physical activity, and activity recommendations for the general population of people with disabilities.

Evolution of Physical Activity for People with Disabilities

The origins of physical activity for people with disabilities are rooted in rehabilitation. Disability has traditionally and persistently been viewed according to a medical model focused on the cause of the defect and subsequent limitations. As such, movement opportunities and the purpose of physical activity ...

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