Older adults constitute a higher percentage of the U.S. population now than at any time in history. It is estimated that almost 20% of the U.S. population will be 65 years of age and older by 2030. A healthy lifestyle reduces the risk for many chronic diseases, enhances quality of life, and extends the time that older adults are able to live independently. Optimizing nutritional status is one component of a healthy lifestyle. This entry describes changes in nutrient needs for older adults, nutrition problems found in older adults, barriers to healthy eating, and healthy eating patterns to prevent chronic disease.

Changes in Nutrient Needs for Older Adults

Nutrient needs for older adults differ from those of younger adults for only a few nutrients. First, energy ...

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