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Fruits in Balanced Nutrition

In broad botanical terms, fruit is the structural part of a plant that contains its seeds (and ovaries). In terms of food, however, the term fruit typically describes the fleshy, seed-bearing part of a tree or plant that is typically sweet and edible when ripe. Fruits come in a wide variety and are important in balanced nutrition because they provide a wide variety of nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants.

Types of Fruits

Fruits are often categorized by their general structure. Pome fruits have a core with small seeds and include apples, pears, and quince. Stone fruits have a single larger seed and include peaches, apricots, nectarines, plums, and cherries. Citrus fruits have segmented membranes containing the pulp and include oranges, grapefruit, tangerines, lemons, and limes. ...

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