Turkish scholarship on law and society constitutes only a small part of the studies exploring the dynamics of law's relationship to Turkey's social domain. Two major axes of research in Turkey have concentrated on Ottoman legal institutions, including the Qanun tradition of secular administrative law, and the Weberian conception of shari'a and kadi justice.

A central concern pervading this literature has been the sociolegal ramifications of the republican social and political transformation in the early twentieth century, which was undertaken in the name of modern Western civilization. Most legal scholarship interprets the replacement of Ottoman legal codes and institutions with those drawn from multiple European contexts through a lens that presumes and even endorses a unilinear path toward the full attainment of “modern” law. This research ...

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