Gumplowicz, Ludwig (1838–1909)

Ludwig Gumplowicz was born in Krakow, Poland. He became professor of administrative and public law in 1882 at the University of Graz in Austria and was the first author to use the word sociology in the German language. As a founder of the discipline, Gumplowicz conceived of sociology in a rigorously deterministic and materialistic manner. It was on the borderline of human etiology, a science that investigates natural laws in the field of social relations and identifies the underlying social processes in conflicts between heterogeneous groups. These generate social change (a cyclic model of transformation), although not in the sense of progress.

The purpose of conflict between groups that are internally homogeneous, with solidarity and their own sets of morals, is that of domination and exploitation. ...

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