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Scholars define family violence, also termed domestic violence, as violence between individuals who are related through intimacy, blood, or law. One distinguishes family violence from other forms by the context in which it occurs (the domestic or “private” sphere) and the relationship between perpetrators and victims (familial). Most commonly, it is a genderspecific form of violence, perpetrated by men against women. Scholarly explanations for family violence tend to emphasize gender inequality and norms of male and masculine power and authority within the family.

Violence within the family raises questions about the laws and legal institutions governing family relations within a society or community: Is violence among family members legally permitted or prohibited? Are violent practices tolerated or penalized by authorities? Are civil remedies available to victims ...

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