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Appendix B: Journalism Freedom: 1980–2008 (Country Ratings from Freedom House) - Russian Federation

Population (2010, proj.): 140,367,000

Gross National Income per Capita (current, 2007): $7,530

Date of Independence: August 24, 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Date of Last Constitution: December 12, 1993


Operating in the core of the former Soviet Union, Russian news media have descended in recent years from a brief period of partially free operation back to an authoritarian pattern. Criminal defamation is now a ...

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