Appendix B: Journalism Freedom: 1980–2008 (Country Ratings from Freedom House) - Kazakhstan

Population (2010, proj.): 15,753,000

Gross National Income per Capita (current, 2007): $5,020

Date of Independence: December 16, 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Date of Last Constitution: August 30, 1995


Political intimidation is widespread in Kazakhstan, and legal restrictions (especially the threat of libel actions) and self-censorship characterize the nation's news media. All news media ...

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