Fundamentalism is a movement that originated in the United States in the early 20th century as a consequence of the Fundamentalist-Modernist controversy and in reaction to the perceived liberal tendencies in Protestant Christianity and American popular culture. In a series of 12 booklets called The Fundamentals, published between 1910 and 1915, a coalition of conservative Evangelicals sought to define Christian belief by its essential elements. As defined by Fundamentalists, these fundamental beliefs of Christianity are (a) the ...

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