Frankfurt School

The Frankfurt school of critical theory, founded as the Institute for Social Research in Germany in 1923, produced decades of theoretical and empirical work on capitalism before and after World War II. Although their main members, Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Herbert Marcuse, and, later, Jürgen Habermas, were trained in philosophy, their work, such as Adorno and his coauthors’ Authoritarian Personality book, is sociological and psychological in orientation. This entry focuses on the Frankfurt school in relation to ...

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