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  • In: Encyclopedia of Identity
  • Edited by: Ronald L. Jackson II & Michael A. Hogg
  • Subject:Self & Identity, Identity, Self & Identity

Identity is an individual's ability to know himself or herself, and self-esteem is the value that an individual places on himself or herself. Self-esteem is a salient component of identity development and maintenance as individuals construct their identity based on interpersonal relationships, group affiliations, and other cultural influences. Some experts think self-esteem is central to human existence from being an innate longing in the subconscious, to a conscious need that must be met by planning, motivation, ...

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