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Self-Discrepancy Theory

  • By: E. Tory Higgins
  • In: Encyclopedia of Identity
  • Edited by: Ronald L. Jackson II & Michael A. Hogg
  • Subject:Self & Identity, Identity, Self & Identity

Why is it that when people are emotionally overwhelmed by a tragedy or serious setback in their lives, such as the death of their child, the loss of their job, or the break-up of their marriage, some suffer from depression whereas others suffer from anxiety? Self-discrepancy theory was developed to find an answer to this question. The answer proposed by self-discrepancy theory is that even when people have the same goal, such as college students wanting a good grade point average (GPA) or older adults ...

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