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  • In: Encyclopedia of Identity
  • Edited by: Ronald L. Jackson II & Michael A. Hogg
  • Subject:Self & Identity, Identity, Self & Identity

Rituals are often symbolic and are defined as any customary behavior or routine that may vary by location (e.g., manners of greeting), or as prescribed by religious, spiritual, cultural, or political traditions (e.g., rites related to birth or death). Erik Erikson described identity development as occurring along three clusters: societyinward, personoutward, and an interaction between individual and society. Rituals may be analyzed similarly. On a societal level, rituals have the sociological power of making it possible for ...

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