Hegemony in the common vernacular simply means leadership or domination of a group or society by another individual or group. For example, in the medieval West African empires, the Malinke were the hegemon of the Sahel and, later, the Soninke. The term hegemony took on a different meaning as it was used by the Italian Marxist and political philosopher Antonio Gramsci. Gramsci defines hegemony as a cultural and institutional order that functions as the dominant informant of the ...

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