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  • In: Encyclopedia of Identity
  • Edited by: Ronald L. Jackson II & Michael A. Hogg
  • Subject:Self & Identity, Identity, Self & Identity

Most gender scholars today agree that gender is a socially constructed category of identity. This means that gender is something that is created by discourse, roles, and norms that are agreed upon by a given society. In lay conversation, gender is often conflated with the term sex, which is said to be biological and based on a person's chromosomal makeup, DNA, and genitalia. The most common categories of sex are male, female, and intersex (individuals), but ...

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