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Ostracism

  • By: Kipling D. Williams
  • In: Encyclopedia of Human Relationships
  • Edited by: Harry T. Reis & Susan Sprecher
  • Subject:Interpersonal Relationships, Group Processes/Dynamics, Close Relationships

Ostracism—ignoring and excluding others—is one of the most fundamental strategies for regulating behavior among all social animals, including humans. Social animals such as lions, primates, and even bees ostracize burdensome members to protect and strengthen the ...

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