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Grutter v. Bollinger (2003) is a landmark judgment of the U.S. Supreme Court that together with its companion case, Gratz v. Bollinger, clarifies the circumstances under which college and university officials may consider race in admissions actions. More specifically, the Court in Grutter held that obtaining the educational benefits of a diverse student body is a compelling governmental interest for equal protection purposes and that the admissions policy of the University of Michigan Law School was narrowly tailored to meet this goal and thus was constitutional. In light of the controversy that Grutter engendered, this entry examines the background of this decision, the Supreme Court's rationale in Grutter, and its ramifications for admissions in higher education.

Facts of the Case

Grutter arose out of a challenge to ...

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