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The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), enacted in 1998 and effective in 2000, updated federal copyright law to meet the demands of the electronic age, particularly with regard to copyright infringement on the Internet. The DMCA contains two pieces of legislation: the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Implementation Act and the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act.

WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Implementation Act

The WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Implementation Act prohibits the circumvention of technologies, also known as digital rights management, or DRMs, that have been installed to prevent online infringement. For example, copyright holders often install programs requiring computer users to enter passwords in order to access specified files or applications. Copyright holders may also encrypt data ...

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