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Following World War II, the United States experienced unprecedented public sentiment against the oppression of African Americans and other minorities. This public outcry presented itself in the form of boycotts, freedom rides, national rallies, and marches. These protests focused on ending discrimination and on protecting civil rights. Although not focusing on higher education per se, this entry examines the significance of the civil rights movement in the United States while discussing its background, highlighting relevant civil rights legislation, and reviewing key court cases in light of the impact that the movement had on American colleges and universities.

Background

Under the U.S. Constitution, civil rights are afforded to persons by reason of citizenship or personhood and include rights to free speech, freedom of the press, voting, due process, ...

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