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Video surveillance uses video cameras to transmit data to monitors or recording devices and is designed to observe people in a variety of settings. Video cameras can be used as part of overall security efforts, as a tool to address theft or vandalism that has occurred, or as a tool to ensure worker productivity. Officials in institutions of higher learning who choose to use video surveillance cameras must balance concerns for safety and productivity with Fourth Amendment rights related to the privacy of students, faculty, and staff. This entry describes video surveillance technology and examines the tensions that can arise when officials approve its use on campuses. Officials at institutions desiring to use available technology must understand these issues and respect the privacy and security ...

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