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Tilton v. Richardson is a landmark 1971 decision of the U.S. Supreme Court upholding a congressional grant program that made federal funds available to private religious colleges for constructing buildings. In light of Tilton's having expanded the limits of governmental aid to religiously affiliated colleges and universities, this entry reviews the Court's rationale and considers the case's implications.

Facts of the Case

Tilton involved a challenge by taxpayers to Title I of the Higher Education Facilities Act of 1963, which made available grants to colleges and universities, including those that are religiously affiliated, in order to construct buildings and facilities that are used exclusively for secular educational purposes. The taxpayers objected to grants to four institutions in Connecticut, all of which were religiously affiliated, claiming that the ...

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