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Information Technology

  • By: Jingfang Liu
  • In: Green Technology: An A-to-Z Guide
  • Edited by: Dustin Mulvaney
  • Subject:Environmental Sciences (general), Environmental Technology, Policy & Management

Green information technology (green IT) can be thought of fundamentally as a new round of technological innovation and a set of organizational practices that green the IT infrastructure and/or that use IT to green other domains such as building and supply chains. Given the comprehensive scope, dimensions, and meanings of green IT, it should also be treated as a condensed concept that encompasses many pieces, including technological innovation, business strategy and philosophy, organizational conduct, relevant policy, and a movement. Green IT can benefit not only our economy by increasing energy efficiency while saving costs, but also our natural environment by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Green IT was born in a historical time when the negative environmental impact of significant IT growth, significant energy demands from ...

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