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Cellulosic Biofuels

  • By: Jean-Francois Denault
  • In: Green Technology: An A-to-Z Guide
  • Edited by: Dustin Mulvaney
  • Subject:Environmental Sciences (general), Environmental Technology, Policy & Management

Cellulosic biofuels are created with nonedible vegetation, such as this switch grass, and are considered second-generation biofuels (the first generation being those from edible plants).

Cellulosic ethanol is a second-generation biofuel that is manufactured by transforming vegetation unsuitable for human consumption. As such, it can be produced by using raw materials such as wood, grass, or nonedible parts of plants. It is an alternative to first-generation biofuel, which uses edible feedstock (such as seeds and grains). Hence, one of its main advantages is that its production lessens the strain on the food chain while also being renewable. While it is true that when cellulosic crops are grown, less land is available for edible crops, some of the crops (such as switch grass) are farmed on lands ...

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