Carbon capture refers to the means to mitigate the contribution of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to global warming. Cumulative emissions of CO2 (representing 62.5 percent of all greenhouse gases) have been identified as a major contributor to global warming. Due to the greenhouse effect, the average surface temperature of the Earth is 35 degrees Celsius higher than its radiation temperature. With higher CO2 concentrations, the greenhouse effect is enhanced. It was reported that the mean surface temperature would be 2–3 degrees Celsius higher for doubled CO2 levels with a strong amplification of 8–10 degrees Celsius warming in the polar areas. The fate of CO2 produced as a result of burning fossil fuel depends on the exchange rates of carbon between the atmosphere and oceans, shallow ...

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