Bioethics is a relatively new field of applied ethics devoted to moral and social questions concerning human and nonhuman biological life and death. The social and ethical impact of advanced technology related to life sciences has been momentous. Genetic-engineering technology, effecting the transfer of genes between organisms of different species and even, in some cases, the insertion of an artificially synthesized gene into a natural organism, has added new moral problems. Modifying the genetic material of natural beings, thus affecting the natural environment, has also important implications for green technology.

From its inception, biotechnology has been a highly controversial technology, even when it may appear that there are only unalloyed good results to be expected. One cannot fail to realize the enormity of the moral dilemmas ...

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