The first green party was established in Tasmania, Australia, in 1972, emanating from a clean water conservation campaign. Green parties were founded in New Zealand (the Values Party) in 1972 and in the United Kingdom (the Ecology Party) in 1973. The German Greens or Die Grünen were also established in 1979 and ran candidates in the 1980 national election. By the mid-1980s, a Green Party had been established in the United States in the aftermath of wider campaigns by environmental movement participants around issues such as conservation and preservation, opposition to nuclear power, and campaigns against toxic industries.

The first green group in the United States was known as The Green Committees of Correspondence, and they organized in local confederations until 1991. These groups organized under ...

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