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Malaria

  • By: Tani Bellestri
  • In: Green Health: An A-to-Z Guide
  • Edited by: Oladele Ogunseitan
  • Subject:Environmental Technology, Policy & Management, Geography of Health

Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by Plasmodium parasites that are transmitted to people exclusively through the bites of infected anopheles mosquitoes. These mosquitoes are referred to as malaria vectors; vector used in this context refers to an organism that transfers a pathogen from reservoir to host. There are four types of human malaria:

  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Plasmodium vivax
  • Plasmodium malariae
  • Plasmodium ovale

Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people exclusively through the bites of infected anopheles mosquitoes. Approximately half of the world's population is at risk of malaria, with most malaria cases occurring in sub-Saharan Africa.

Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are the most common types, and Plasmodium falciparum is also the most deadly. Approximately half of the world's population is at risk of malaria. ...

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