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Infectious Waste

Infectious waste, also known as medical or clinical waste, is produced by healthcare premises such as hospitals, clinics, medical offices, clinical and research laboratories, and nursing homes. Best management practices for infectious waste have been defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be adapted according to national and local situations. Many treatment systems are suitable for infectious waste, except encapsulation (which can be used for sharp objects) and inertization to prevent potentially explosive reactions or flammability. Highly infectious waste containing deadly human pathogens should be autoclaved first. As background, healthcare activities produce infectious wastes that lead to adverse health effects and are a risk for patients, healthcare workers, waste handlers, and communities. Used syringes and needles contain residual blood and blood-borne pathogens and may ...

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