Children's health encompasses the physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being of children from birth through adolescence and is determined by the interaction of a multitude of influences and complex, dynamic processes, which can be divided into biological, behavioral, and environmental (physical and social) categories. Measuring the effects of these factors on health is difficult, as they are highly intertwined and difficult to isolate. In children, measurement is complicated further by their rapidly changing nature, as they grow and undergo developmental processes that play an important role in shaping and determining their health. Traditionally, health surveillance and monitoring systems have been based on adult matrices of health, focusing on prevention and treatment of morbidity and mortality that resulted primarily from infectious diseases, as well as monitoring ...

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