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Waterborne Diseases

Waterborne diseases is the grouping term for those human diseases that are caused by organisms that can be transmitted by contaminated food and water (waterborne transmission). Such diseases include amebiasis, cholera, cryptosporidiosis, enteroviroses, giardiasis, hepatitis A and E, leptospirosislisteriosis, salmonellosis, and typhoid fever. Another potential source of waterborne infection is contaminated recreational water (e.g., important for schistosomiasis transmission). In some special cases, other transmission ways can occur (e.g., by skin in leptospirosis, Chagas disease). Waterborne diseases represent an important environmental threat that is currently a relevant aspect for the global public health, which should be considered in the new perspectives of a more ecologically green world in which such risks should be significantly reduced or even eliminated. The safety of food, drink, and drinking water ...

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