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Pain Medication

Pain medications can be divided into several different groups. These groups range from herbal and over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications, which are available without a healthcare provider's prescription, up to highly controlled opioid medications. All pain medications should be taken exactly as recommended by the manufacturer or prescribed by a healthcare provider, as all these medications have the potential for side effects or adverse reactions. It is important when prescribing these medications that healthcare providers ascertain all medicines the patient is taking, including other over-the-counter medications and herbal supplements, to avoid possible drug interactions.

A systematic review of 10 randomized controlled trials of patients with low back pain has found that herbal preparations of devil's claw (Harpagophytum procumbens), white willow bark (Salix alba), and cayenne plasters (Capsicum ...

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