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It is evident that people have different frameworks for making moral choices. These differences appear within as well as between cultural groups. Western philosophy, for example, has multiple schools of thought: utilitarianism (briefly, the greatest good for the greatest number), the Kantian emphasis on duty, and theories based on concepts of justice or virtue. To observe these differences is merely the descriptive side of pluralism. There has been a movement advocating moral pluralism, not only recognizing that it exists. Christopher D. Stone argued that with regard to environmental ethics, even an individual ought to operate with a moral repertoire. J. Baird Callicott fiercely protested the idea of promoting moral pluralism in environmental ethics or even accepting it as unfortunate but either inevitable or transitional, particularly ...

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