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A dense slum in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Essential infrastructure and services such as housing, clean water, waste removal, and law enforcement have not been able to keep up with the high rates of growth in urbanization in less-developed countries.

This article explores the alternative meanings of the concept of urbanization, describes the processes that facilitate it and the different forms it takes, the problems that are associated with it, and concludes with a brief overview of recent philosophies of urbanization.

Urbanization is a process of population concentration by which large numbers of people live in relatively small areas called cities, towns, or urban areas. It can most generally be defined as the increase in the urban area's density, extent, or population through migration and/or natural ...

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