The harvesting of and the use of fish as a consumer product have several environmental effects that are increasingly playing a role in consumer choices regarding the consumption of fish. The environmental effects of fishing can be divided into issues that involve the availability of fish to be caught, such as overfishing, sustainable fisheries, and fisheries management, and issues that involve the effect of fishing on the environment, such as by-catch. As world populations grow, the gap between how many fish are available to be caught and humanity's desire to catch them continually increases, raising questions about the sustainability of modern fishing practices. Governments and consumer groups have responded to these questions with the implementation of increasingly rigorous fisheries management and by demanding sustainably produced ...

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