Coffee is a beverage made from roasted and ground beans grown in tropical climates. Coffee's origins can be traced back at least as far as the 9th century to areas of Africa, where it was initially consumed for religious rituals. Coffee consumption spread rapidly throughout Africa, from Egypt to Yemen, reaching the Middle East by the 15th century. Coffee trade and consumption spread to Europe, particularly Italy, from where it was introduced to the rest of the continent. The British East India and Dutch East India companies, as part of colonization, extracted coffee from many Asian and African countries. Coffee came to America during colonization but did not become widely popular until tea became unavailable during the War of 1812. The popularity of coffee grew ...

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