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International Organization for Standardization

  • By: Jeff Leinaweaver
  • In: Green Business: An A-to-Z Guide
  • Edited by: Nevin Cohen & Paul Robbins
  • Subject:Sustainability, Environmental Policy & Law (general)

In an era of rapid globalization, technological innovation, population boom, and environmental change, the need for international collaboration and standardization exists across disciplines in order to decrease duplication and the reinvention of competing standardizing platforms and processes for business, government, and society. Accordingly, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was founded in 1947 to address these needs and to facilitate knowledge transfer for the sake of collaborative standardization within a global civil society. Today, the ISO is a network, composed of the national standards institutes of 162 countries, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It runs under the auspices of the United Nations. It is a nongovernmental organization (NGO) intended to form a bridge between the public and private sectors, and which strives to find ...

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