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Environmental Risk Assessment

  • By: Gopalsamy Poyyamoli & Rasmi Patnaik
  • In: Green Business: An A-to-Z Guide
  • Edited by: Nevin Cohen & Paul Robbins
  • Subject:Sustainability, Environmental Policy & Law (general)

Environmental risk assessment (ERA) is the procedure in which the inherent hazards involved in natural events (flooding, extreme weather events, etc.), technology, practices, processes, products, agents (chemical, biological, radiological, etc.), and industrial activities and the risks posed by these are examined. ERA involves a critical review of available data for the purpose of identifying and possibly estimating the risks associated with a potential threat, either quantitatively or qualitatively. It includes human health risk assessments, ecological, or ecotoxicological risk assessments and industrial risk assessments that can identify end points in community, biota, and ecosystems. The risks examined in the assessment can be physical, biological, or chemical in nature.

Uses of ERA

ERA is needed in case of risk identification of an emerging issue or prioritization of further action. ...

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