There has been a rising awareness of the social and ethical responsibility of business among many stakeholders such as consumers, government, and environmentalists. This awareness and laws governing pollution emissions, particularly from greenhouse gases (GHGs), for example, carbon dioxide (CO2), has prompted many companies to reexamine both their methods of production as well as the negative impacts of their products on the environment. The carbon footprint is one such method for examining the environmental impact of industry. Generally, the carbon footprint refers to the total CO2 and other GHGs that are released into the atmosphere when products are created, consumed, transported, or stored. For a business, the carbon footprint represents the effect an organization has on the climate based on the total amount of GHGs ...

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